5 Things to know about Sikhism

1 History

Sikhism is a monotheistic religion, and the basic Sikh belief is represented in the phrase Ik Onkar meaning “One God.”Sikhism was founded in the Punjab region in India in the 15th century by Guru Nanak Dev. Sikhism broke from Hinduism due, in part, to its rejection of the caste system.

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2 The Guru Granth Sahib

The authority accorded to the Guru Granth Sahib certainly sets it apart from other scriptural texts of the major world religions. The Guru Granth Sahib also defies common expectations of scripture in other ways.

The Guru Granth Sahib was compiled by the Sikh Gurus themselves and is primarily comprised of writings composed by the Gurus. This collection also includes the devotional writings of other religious figures, including Muslim Sufis and Hindu Bhaktas.

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3 The Five Ks

The Five Ks are the articles of faith that Sikhs wear as ordered by the 10th Guru, Guru Gobind Singh. Most Sikhs wear one or more of the articles but only Sikhs who have taken amrit, a ritual analogous to baptism, wear all. They include:

  • Kesh, or unshorn long hair, which is protected by a dastaar, or turban. The dastaar is worn by men and some women to cover their long hair. But most women keep their hair long and uncovered, except for when entering a gurdwara.
  • A kangha is a small wooden comb meant to keep the hair combed twice a day.
  • A kara is an iron bangle to be worn on the hand used most.
  • A kachera is a specific undergarment for men and women.
  • A kirpan is a short dagger

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4 Sikh gurus

As evidenced by the inclusion of writings from other religious figured within the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh Gurus did not believe in religious exclusivism. Rather, their pluralistic worldview posited that one could reach the Realization from any religious tradition. Sikhism teaches that diverse paths can lead to the divine, as long as the individual traverses the path with love. Because of this pluralistic outlook, Sikhism has no real history of missionizing or proselytizing.

While some misinterpret this pluralism as promoting cultural relativism, it is important to note that the Gurus also emphasized the importance of following an accomplished leader and maintaining religious discipline. Sikhism does not encourage the increasingly popular models of “a la carte religion” or “spiritual-but-not-religious,” though admittedly Sikh jurisprudence is relatively less complex than most religious traditions.

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5 Gurudwara

A gurudwara is the place of worship for Sikhs;[1] however, people from all faiths, and those who do not profess any faith, are welcomed in the Sikh gurdwara.[2] The gurdwara has a Darbar Sahib where the current and everlasting Guru of the Sikhs, the holy scripture Guru Granth Sahib is placed on a Takhat (an elevated throne) in a prominent central position. The Raagis (who sing Ragas) recite, sing and explain, the verses from theGuru Granth Sahib, in the presence of the holy congregation.

All gurdwaras have a Langar hall, where people can eat free vegetarian food.

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10 Beautiful places you must visit before you die

1 Antelope Canyon, USA 

Antelope Canyon is a slot canyon

in the American Southwest. It is

located on Navajo land east of 

Page, Arizona. Antelope Canyon
 
includes two separate, photogenic

slot canyon sections. 
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2 Carrera Lake, Argentina

General Carrera Lake or Lake

Buenos Aires is a lake located

in Patagonia and shared by

Argentina and Chile. Both names

are internationally accepted.

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3 Santorini, Greece

Santorini, one of the Cyclades

islands in the Aegean Sea, was

devastated by a volcanic eruption

in the 16th century B.C.E.,

forever shaping its rugged

landscape and villages.

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4 Leshan Giant Buddha, China

The Leshan Giant Buddha is a

71-metre tall stone statue, built

during the Tang Dynasty,

depicting Maitreya.

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5 Nishinomaru Garden, Japan

The Nishinomaru Garden, where the

residence of Kita-no-mandokoro

(wife of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, a

Japanese ruler in the 16th

century) was formerly located,

was opened in 1965 as a lawn

garden of approximately 64,000 m2

in total area.

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6 Glacier National Park, Montana

Glacier National Park is a

1,583-sq.-mi. wilderness area in

Montana’s Rocky Mountains, with

glacier-carved peaks and valleys

running to the Canadian border.

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7 Capilano Suspension Bridge,

British Colombia

The Capilano Suspension Bridge is

a simple suspension bridge

crossing the Capilano River in

the District of North Vancouver,

British Columbia, Canada. The

current bridge is 140 metres long

and 70 metres above the river.

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8 Eilean Donah Castle, Scotland

Eilean Donan Castle is one of the

most recognised castles in

Scotland, and probably appears

on more shortbread tins and

calendars than any other.

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9 The Great Wall of China, China

The Great Wall of China is a

series of fortifications made of

stone, brick, tamped earth, wood,

and other materials, generally

built along an east-to-west line

across the historical northern

borders of China to protect the

Chinese states and empires.

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10 Mount Roraima, Venezuela

Mount Roraima is the highest of

the Pakaraima chain of tepui

plateaus in South America. First

described by the English explorer

Sir Walter Raleigh in 1596, its

31 km² summit area is bounded on

all sides by cliffs rising 400

metres.

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5 Photography tips and techniques

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As a photographer, there are few things more satisfying than mastering a new photography technique. Learning new photography techniques can open up new possibilities, provide endless potential for inspiration, and can even help to get you out of a creative rut.

1 Seeing your photos with a new eye

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The more you edit a particular photo, the more likely your eye is to grow weary of the changes that you make. Personally, after spending a few hours editing a single image, I begin to lose my ability to tell a good edit from a bad one – presenting a clear problem for making more edits. To some degree, this is even true after a two- or three-hour break; the photo is still too familiar to see with a fresh eye.

2 Three step sharpening 

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Sharpening remains a particularly confusing topic among photographers, especially given the tremendous number of post-processing options available. Some post-processing software has so many options that it is hard to know where to start; others do not let you use optimal methods in the first place. If you are trying to use the best sharpening settings – including the lowest possible levels of noise and other artifacts – the ideal method is three-step sharpening.

3 High speed photography 

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One of the things that makes high speed photography most intriguing is that it freezes moments in time that are too fast for the naked eye to see. Thetrick to high speed photography is a tripod, a narrow aperture, a flash, and lots of patience.

4 Motion blur

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Motion blur is the art of capturing a moving subject. This technique is often used in sports photography, but can also be used to create interesting images with light or fast moving objects. To effectively capture motion blur, slow down your shutter speed, and hold your camera still as your subject moves. You can also “pan” with the camera, moving it along to follow the subject before releasing the shutter. This will keep your subject in focus while blurring out the background.

5 Black and white photography

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Black and white photography, when done effectively – conveys deep emotion or drama. But there’s more toblack and white photography than just hitting the black and white filter in Photoshop. Effective B&W photographystarts with the composition, making use of shadows, lighting, and strong subjects to create powerful imagery.